Ovulation induction involves the use of medications to stimulate the development of one or more mature follicles in a woman’s ovaries. Women that have irregular cycles or anovulation (do not ovulate) may be treated by this means as these women do not regularly develop mature follicles themselves.
Pelvic ultrasound scans are used to access the endometrium (lining of the womb) and to determine how the follicles are developing. Blood tests may also be carried out to measure hormone levels and helps to determine when a women is most likely to ovulate (a woman’s most fertile time).
Ovulation induction cycles are followed by a hCG injection to induce ovulation. Timed sexual intercourse can then take place or Intrauterine Insemination at a given period of time.
The side effects involved in ovulation induction include bloatedness, lower abdominal discomfort, headaches and fatigue. Careful monitoring removes the risk of multiple births by advising the patient to abstain from sexual intercourse where indicated.